Looking for best gaming headset under $100? You are at the absolute best place. We have 12 Best gaming headsets you can buy under $100.
Gamers are really concerned when it comes to gaming headphones because they cannot afford to miss any sound detail in the gameplay like footsteps, vehicle approaching, grenade explosion, gunfire, and whatnot. Buying the best gaming headset is easy when you have pockets loaded with cash but it becomes a challenge when you have limited cash. If you are looking for the best gaming headset under $100, we got you covered.
Below, we have tested out the best gaming headphones under $100 on the basis of comfort, sound performance, compatibility, and additional features. These budget-friendly gaming headsets come with a balance of features and price. All the headphones mentioned come under 100 and you can grab any of them for your gaming setup.
Don’t want to read or in a hurry? Here are our top 3 recommendations for the best gaming headset under 100 that you can consider buying in 2021.
- 12 Best Gaming Headset Under $100
- 1. SteelSeries Arctis 5 Gaming Headphones
- 2. Corsair HS70
- 3. HyperX Cloud II
- 4. Razer Blackshark V2
- 5. Sennheiser GSP 302 Gaming Headset
- 6. Razer Kraken Tournament Edition Gaming Headset
- 7. HyperX Cloud Alpha S
- 8. Logitech G Pro Gaming Headset
- 9. ASUS ROG DELTA CORE Gaming Headset
- 10. Alienware AW510H
- 11. Cooler Master MH650
- 12. Razer Kraken V3 X
- Buying Guide – Things to Look in Gaming Headphones
- Frequently Asked Questions
- Best Gaming Headphones Under 100: Which is the Best?
12 Best Gaming Headset Under $100
Check out the best gaming headset under $100 that you can consider buying for the best gaming experience. We keep on updating the list with new headsets. Bookmark this page and visit again with new choices. For now, check out the best $100 headphones for gaming.
1. SteelSeries Arctis 5 Gaming Headphones
- RGB lightning
- Support USB and 3.5 mm for input
- DTS Headphone: Xv2 Surround
- ClearCast Bidirectional Microphone
- AirWeave ear cushion
If we talk about a gaming headset under $100, Arctis 5 is a great pair of headphones. SteelSeries Arctis 5 delivers crystal clear voice with ambient noise cancellation and comes with Discord Certification. What makes it unique is the design it speaks. The Arctis 5 comes with a clean and minimalistic design that not only looks elegant but also comfortable. The addition of ClearCast Bidirectional Microphones removes all the ambient noise and only delivers what is important.
Talking about the surround sound capability, the headphones are equipped with DTS X v2.0 to surround sound that results in 360-degrees of precision audio. With a frequency range of 20–22000 Hz, you will hear all the details of the game sound. You will also find ChatMix dial using that you can control the volume of games and chat. If you like RGB illumination, you can change Prism RGB using SteelSeries Engine that you can download from SteelSeries Website. You can personalize it using 16.8 million colors but RGB is always a subjective feature. Not everyone likes that but if you like, yes SteelSeries Arctis 5 has it.
The design is just gorgeous and comfortable. The air weave padded cushions are comfortable and don’t get warm when used for a longer duration of time. The headband is smooth and allows you to adjust the size according to your comfort. If you don’t have any idea about gaming headsets, just grab the Arctis 5 and you will not regret it.
For the under 100 bucks, SteelSeries Arctis 5 is one of the best gaming headphones you can buy in 2021.
2. Corsair HS70
- 50mm Neodymium audio drivers
- Support USB, 3.5mm Jack, Bluetooth
- High-Fidelity Audio
- Detachable Noise-Cancelling Microphone
- Compatibility: PC, PS5, PS4 Pro, Xbox Series X, Nintendo Switch, Xbox One, Android, iOS
Here is an updated version of Corsair HS60. While its predecessor was only limited to USB connection, this brand new gaming headset supports a 3.5mm jack, Bluetooth as well as USB input connection. The USB connection will give you High-Fidelity 24bit/96kHz sound quality. If you are a PC gamer, you can also activate Windows Sonic for a 360-degree immersive sound experience.
For comfort, it comes with adjustable ear cups equipped with memory foam cushions that will give you comfort even for a longer duration of time. To keep the communication intact, you get a unidirectional detachable microphone that gives you a clear and crisp sound. The good thing is, it also filters out the noise and delivers what is really important to you and your team.
Another good thing you get in Corsair HS70 is On Ear-Cup volume & mute controls which are really easy to control without bothering the gameplay. Aluminum frame, leatherette headband are some of the reasons that make HS70 the best gaming headphones under 100.
3. HyperX Cloud II
- 7.1 Virtual Surround Sound
- 53mm Audio Drivers
- Support USB, 3.5mm Jack
- Supreme audio quality
- Detachable Noise-Cancelling microphone
- Compatibility: PC, PS4, PS4 Pro, Xbox
HyperX Cloud II headsets are the best selling gaming headset because it has all the functionalities that a gaming headset should have. For good sound quality, this headset has 53 mm drivers to listen to the sound of the game in detail. If you apply these headsets on the ear, you will not hear the outside noise, as it is completely closed-back headsets and comes with Passive noise cancellation. It uses comfortable Memory foam cushions and a padded leatherette headband which provides you comfort, even for long gaming sessions.
A 7.1 Virtual surround sound is capable of hearing even the smallest sound of the game. You are going to have an immersive gaming experience with virtual surround sound. The footsteps, vehicle approaching, grenade explosions, everything is crystal clear. Along with that, HyperX Cloud II has a detachable noise-canceling microphone as well so that you can chat with your friends and your callouts can be heard loud and clear. Talking about its compatibility, you can easily use it with PC, Mac, Stereo on PS4, Nintendo Switch, and mobile devices.
On the design front, the whole headset is made of an aluminum frame which is durable, looks good, and is lightweight. The leatherette headband is comfortable and easy to adjust. Available in 2 elegant colors, HyperX Cloud 2 is indeed one of the best gaming headsets under 100.
4. Razer Blackshark V2
- THX 7.1 Spatial Surround Sound
- 50mm Razer TriForce Titanium Audio Drivers
- Support USB sound card & 3.5mm output
- HyperClear Cardioid Detachable Mic
- Cooling gel-infused Memory Foam cushions
- Compatibility: PC, Playstations, Xbox
This is the latest addition by Razer to its gaming headset lineup. Razer has been crafting some of the finest gaming headsets in the industry and Razer Blackshark V2 Gaming Headset backs up this fact. This gaming headset features a distinctive style and its Black hue adds a subtle touch to its design. This gaming headset has got everything pretty straightforward – Comfort, Performance, and functionality.
For starters, the Razer Blackshark V2 gaming headset has got a THX 7.1 spatial surround sound system to let you dive into the world of gaming. The sound is powerful and realistic for an immersive experience. Whether you are using it for gaming or music, the noise cancellation feature does a great job of canceling out outside voices to avoid distractions. It features Razer TriForce Titanium 50mm sound drivers offering clear and precise communication through the mic.
As far as comfort is concerned, Razer Blackshark V2 takes pride in offering every bit of comfort. The Ultra-Soft Breathable Memory Foam Ear Cushions can be worn for an extended gaming session while the top of the headset naturally fits any head. Adding more to the list of appreciation, this gaming headset has got a Razer HyperClear Cardioid detachable Mic with USB Sound Card that lets you chat with your friends and concoct strategies leading your way to victory.
Razer Blackshark V2 Gaming headset is compatible with Razer Synapse 3 Software and offers plenty of connectivity options. So, if you are looking for something fresh and extraordinary gaming headphones under 100, this is the headset to go with.
5. Sennheiser GSP 302 Gaming Headset
- 3.5 mm Analogue input
- PCV 05 Combo Audio Adaptor
- Immersive Bass
- Noise-cancelling Microphone
- Luxurious noise-isolating memory foam earpads
- Volume Controller roller on Right Cup
The Sennheiser GSP 302 is a closed-back, wired gaming headset that comes with Luxurious noise-isolating memory foam earpads. The headphones are absolutely comfortable. The frequency response of this gaming headset is 10–15,000hz which is a pretty good number and you can expect to hear clear lows and crispy highs. For better gaming ambiance, it comes with ambient noise isolation that filters out all the unnecessary sounds from the outside so that you can focus on your gameplay.
Sennheiser GSP 302 headset comes with the PCV 05 adapter that makes it compatible with PC, Mac, PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo Switch, mobile phone, and other devices with 3.5mm input. On the right cup, you will get all the volume and audio controllers. The headset also comes with a lift-to-mute feature where you can simply lift the microphone arm and it will mute the microphone.
The controller on the cup is convenient and practical in nature like you don’t need to look for the controller for adjusting audio again and again. There is a controller on the cup and you can easily reach that. Talking about the design, lightweight and looks extremely elegant. The whole design is gamer-oriented and you can see that with the sharp angular design. If you are looking for a balanced and the best gaming headset under 100, this Sennheiser GSP 302 is something to consider.
6. Razer Kraken Tournament Edition Gaming Headset
- USB DAC + 3.5 mm jack input
- THX 7.1 Surround Sound
- Custom-tuned 50 mm drivers
- Audio enhancer DAC
- Retractable Noise Cancelling Microphone
- Extremely Comfortable
- In-Line Audio Controls
The Razer Kraken Tournament Edition is a great gaming headset under 100. It uses THX 7.1 Surround Sound that provides you in-game immersion and the audio experience beyond standard 7.1 Surround sound. With custom-tuned 50 mm drivers, you can take your standard gaming experience to the next level. For additional accessibility, you get a USB DAC that allows you to control volumes and microphone settings on the go.
For comfort, Razer Kraken headsets are also equipped with cooling gel-infused cushions that repel overheating and provide you comfortable longer gaming sessions. The headband is also padded that adds up to comfort. Talking about the microphone in Razer Kraken, it has a Retractable noise-canceling Microphone to eliminate the noise of breath and other noises so that you can communicate in a crystal clear voice. The microphone uses a cardioid polar pattern that ignores the ambient sound and catches only your voice.
The inline remote controller on Razer Kraken offers you a wide range of controls. You will find options to control Bass, Game/Microphone audio, Activate/Deactivate Spatial Audio, and, of course, Up & Down the volumes. Make sure, this audio enhancer DAC and Spatial Audio are compatible with Windows 10 64-Bit only.
All over, the Razer Kraken is a good pair of gaming headset and also from those few gaming headphones that come with USB DAC that too under 100. So if you want something like that, consider Razer Kraken.
7. HyperX Cloud Alpha S
- USB & 3.5mm Input
- 7.1 Virtual Surround sound
- 50mm Dual Chamber
- Memory Foam Cushioning
- Detachable Noise Canceling Microphone
- Compatibility: PC, PS5, PS4 Pro, Xbox Series X
HyperX is known for its contribution to the gaming industry and this is no different. HyperX Cloud Alpha S is a better and upgraded version of HyperX Cloud 2 gaming headphones that are already mentioned above. With Cloud Alpha S, you will get almost everything that you need in your best gaming headset under 100.
To begin with, it comes with comfortable cushioning filled with Memory Foam and covered with a Breathable Leatherette material. The whole headphone is made of an aluminum frame that makes the headphone durable and also adds looks. The headband is leatherette and easy to adjust.
For the bass heads, there is a dedicated slider to turn on/off the extra Bass. HyperX Dual chamber drivers are specially designed to create extra bass response without losing the crispy mids and high.
The Cloud Alpha S comes with HyperX tuned custom audio driver that creates the frequency response of 13Hz – 27kHz. The advanced audio Mix controllers allow you to manage the chat and game sound conveniently. You can easily control volume, mic, mute, 7.1 surround sound setting using the audio mix controller.
The braided 1-meter cable gives extra power to the cable and also adds more life to the cable. HyperX Cloud Alpha S comes with a detachable microphone that is easy to setup and easy to carry as well. The microphone is completely noise canceling and it only delivers the important voices and removes all the ambient noises.
Considering the price of these gaming headphones, you are getting a pretty great package. This headphone checks all the marks and definitely deserves a place in the list of best gaming headphone under 100.
8. Logitech G Pro Gaming Headset
- 3.5 mm jack input
- Surround Sound
- Premium leatherette ear pads
- Pro-G drivers
- Passive Noise Isolation
- Pro-grade condenser Microphone
- Compatibility: PC, PS4, PS4 Pro, Xbox
Here is G Pro from the house of Logitech. For those who are looking for a clean, minimalist, comfortable, black gaming headset under 100, Logitech G Pro is made for you.
To begin with, it comes with a G Pro 50mm driver that produces a sound response of 20 Hz-20 kHz. This is a pretty standard frequency response that includes all the sounds that the human ear is capable of. You will experience deep thumping bass along with beautiful mids and highs. The audio drivers are covered with memory foam cushioning with leatherette material that not only looks premium but is also helpful in passive noise canceling.
To keep the communication intact, the Logitech G Pro gaming headset also comes with a detachable microphone with 6mm driver and built-in pop shield that removes all the noises of air, wind around you and delivers the crispy, clear voice to your teammates. The microphone is tuned by Blue Voice whose whole purpose is to give you high-quality voice over Youtube and Twitch streams.
The Logitech G Pro also comes with USB Sound Card that gives you professional quality voice communication. You also get 2m Cables with an inline remote to control the volume of the headset. To control the USB Sound Card and to access the EQ Profile, you need to install Logitech G Hub software which is easy and convenient to use.
Logitech G Pro is a mix of professional sound and luxurious design and if you want a durable, steel headband and aluminum frame made gaming headset, this Logitech G Pro is just perfect for you. This is our highly recommended gaming headset under $100.
9. ASUS ROG DELTA CORE Gaming Headset
- 3.5 mm jack input
- Audio Signal Diversion technology
- Hi-Res Audio
- Detachable unidirectional boom microphone
- Protein leather cushion
- Compatibility: PC, PS4, PS4 Pro, Xbox
If you are looking for gaming headphones under $100 with a clear-cut design then the ASUS ROG DELTA CORE Gaming Headset is the perfect choice for you. This headset is specially made for Pro Gamers who need premium sound and a comfortable design.
ROG Delta comes with Audio signal diversion technology that cuts out the noise and lets you focus on your gameplay. Audio signal diversion technology creates a wall inside the headphones that separates Lows, Mids, and highs that ultimately delivers your crystal clear detailed sound. You get a frequency response of 20hz- 40000 kHz that is going to give you every sound in the game.
Asus’s engineers worked closely on ROG Delta Core and that ends up building the design in a way in which an enlarged area around the drivers has been featured with an exclusive airtight-chamber design for noise isolation and clear, distortion-free audio.
Talking about the design of this headset, D-shaped angled ear cushions have been used in it so that you can comfortably play games with 20% less contact with an ear. Moreover, the driver of ROG Delta Core is tilted by 12 degrees adjacent to the human ear in a more natural way. This not only enhances the comfort but also delivers better audio.
For communication on the battlefield, there is a detachable, unidirectional boom microphone that is tuned for better clear voice delivery. What makes it even better than its competition is the compatibility it offers. The ROG Delta Core gaming headset is compatible with any device you can think of. You can use the headset with PC, Playstation, Xbox, Mac, Smartphones, Tablets, Nintendo, and whatnot.
For the price range of $100, this is one of the best gaming headsets you can buy right now in 2021.
10. Alienware AW510H
- Comes with USB +3.5 mm jack input
- Virtual 7.1 surround sound
- 50mm 20Hz - 40kHz drivers
- Detachable USB connection
- Noise Cancelling Mic
- Compatibility: PC, PS4, PS4 Pro, Xbox
The Alienware 7.1 Gaming Headset AW510H has a futuristic design and it looks like Elon Musk ordered it for the Mars expedition. If you are looking for a unique gaming headset under $100, consider buying this gaming headset. You might fall in love at first sight.
For a high-resolution audio experience, Alienware Gaming Headset is equipped with 50mm custom-tuned drivers which give the frequency response of 20Hz – 40kHz. The headset has a 7.1 virtual surround sound that delivers the signature Alienware sound and makes the gameplay immersive. The option of using headphones makes it pretty convenient for many users. You can use the headphone via Detachable USB or a 3.5mm jack.
The Hybrid of plush memory foam, sports fabric, and leatherette have been used on the ear pads that not only repel the ambient noise but also provide you optimal cooling and comfort. The headsets are also Discord certified that clearly indicates the quality of the microphone you are going to experience. You will experience crystal clear voice quality and that’s all we need to win the battlefield.
If you want a new design of your gaming headset or you are looking for a gaming headset for your Alienware setup, this is an ideal headset. It comes with a sweet combination of looks, sound, and compatibility. We will definitely recommend these gaming headphones under 100.
11. Cooler Master MH650
- USB Input
- Virtual 7.1 surround sound
- 50mm Neodymium drivers
- Omnidirectional boom mic
- Single USB Connectivity
- Ambient RGB Illumination
- Compatibility: PC, PS4, PS4 Pro, Xbox
There are a lot of gaming headsets from Cooler Master but we will talk about the best gaming headset under $100 price. Cooler Master MH650 Gaming Headset comes Virtual 7.1 surround sound that uses 50mm Neodymium drivers that deliver a frequency response of 20-20,000Hz, a crystal clear immersive sound experience with a good element of bass and well-balanced mids, highs. Using Cooler Master software, you can customize the RGB Illumination as per your gaming desk setup.
For longer gaming sessions, these gaming headsets are equipped with removable swiveling ear cups and mesh fabric cushioning that is breathable and stays easy on the ear. There is only USB input and no analog 3.5mm output that makes it compatible with PC as well as gaming consoles like Playstations, Xbox. You can use the headphones with any other device with a USB port.
The only downside is the plastic build. While Logitech is giving you aluminum and steel build, Cooler Master is limited to plastic build which is lighter in weight. Apart from that, there is nothing to worry about. Cooler Master MH650 is definitely something you can consider as the best headphone for gaming under 100.
12. Razer Kraken V3 X
- TriForce Titanium 40mm Drivers
- HyperClear Cardioid Microphone
- Memory Foam Ear Cushions
- USB Connectivity
- Compatibility: PC, Playstation, Xbox
Looking for a brand new gaming headset under 100? Launched in March 2021, here is Razer Kraken V3 X for you. This brand new 2021 gaming headset comes with a great package that too under 100.
Talking about the headset, it comes with a 40mm TriForce titanium driver that is capable enough to give you deep bass output with balanced mids and highs. If you are using it on Windows PC, you will also experience 7.1 surround sound All those footsteps, explosions, approaching vehicles seem real with Razer Kraken V3 X.
For comfortable gaming sessions, Razer also equipped Memory Foam cushions on the earcups. The memory foam cushion is wrapped with breathable material so that there is no sweat around your ears. There are mic mute, volume controls, on earcups and it is super convenient to adjust any of those while you are on the battlefield working smart for victory.
To keep the communication intact, you get a Cardioid microphone on the headset that only delivers what’s important and cuts out all the ambient noises. The Kraken V3 X uses a USB connection to connect and you can literally use these gaming headsets with any device with a USB port. Considering everything, Razer Kraken V3 X is indeed one of the best gaming headsets you can buy under 100.
So these are our recommendations for the best gaming headphones under 100. There are a lot of choices available but buying the best that too in the budget is not that easy. Hope these gaming headphones recommendations helped you in finding your next pair of headphones. To help you even better, we are providing you the buying guide that will help you in choosing the best headphones for gaming in any budget.
Check out the things you should be looking for in ideal gaming headphones.
Buying Guide – Things to Look in Gaming Headphones
Before jumping right on to the best gaming headset products, here are a few things that you should know before buying the perfect gaming headphones for you.
Gaming Headsets or headset perse, are all about sound and you should have a basic understanding of sound and its type. There are 2 Types of Sounds in a headset:
- Stereo Sound Headsets
Stereo sound is mostly used to listen to music. If you want to listen to casual music, then headphones with stereo sound quality are quite bang. Unlike Surround Sound headphones, they don’t deliver directional sound output. The immersive game experience is missing with Stereo Sound headphones.
- Surround Sound Headsets
Surround Sound is a kinda big deal among gaming headsets. They deliver an immersive gaming experience. With Surround Sound gaming headphones, you will find yourself right into the battlefield. Surround Sound is of 2 Types:
- a/ Virtual Surround Sound
Virtual surround sound, as the name suggests, is a virtual, software-driven surround sound. There is no physical hardware involved in virtual surround sound. Most of the gaming headsets under $100 are equipped with Virtual Surround Sound but this is not a deal-breaker. Virtual Surround Sound works brilliantly for a variety of games on PS4, Xbox, PC.
- b/ True Surround Sound
A True surround sound is a hardware-driven sound. There are physical audio drivers placed inside the headphones positioned in a way that delivers a surround sound experience. True Surround Sound is always better than Virtual Surround sound because it is a hardware-driven sound and you will experience more natural sound. You will get an immersive gaming experience with True Surround Sound. These types of headsets are expensive though.
Now let’s talk about the connectivity of gaming headsets, which are of 3 types.
- Analogue Connection (3.5 mm)
In Analogue Gaming Headphones, a 3.5 mm jack is used for connectivity. These gaming headsets start at a low budget. If you are a mobile gamer or play games on a Portable gaming monitor, then these headphones are perfect for you. Along with that, even if you are a console gamer or PC gamer, 3.5mm is an easy connection. Most of the gaming monitors also come with a 3.5mm jack.
- Digital Connection (USB)
In this, USB is used for connectivity. These headphones are a bit expensive but their sound quality is better than analog gaming headsets. There are gaming headsets under 100 that come with Audio Control Box for controlling chat and game audio, most of them are connected via USB.
- Wireless 2.4Ghz Connection
It is quite obvious with the name itself that the headset can be used wirelessly via a 2.4Ghz connection. Wireless gaming headsets are in the trend and if you want a clean gaming desk, this is for you. A good pair of wireless headphones come with a slightly expensive spectrum but totally worth the money. You might find a few wireless gaming headsets under 100 but for a better experience, you might need to shred a little more than 100.
Comfort plays a crucial role when it comes to gaming. Uncomfortable, painful gaming headsets not only ruin the gameplay but also harm your ears. Always consider buying the gaming headphones that come with premium material on Cushions.
You will find a gaming headset with Memory Foam, Liquid Get infused cushions, and whatnot. If you want longer, comfortable gaming sessions, consider buying a gaming headset that keeps your comfort even for a longer duration. The most respected name is the Memory Foam cushion. The headset with a Memory Foam cushion is always good, in terms of comfort.
When buying a gaming headset, the mic should be a concern. For strategical or FPS games, teamwork is all we need, and for that, noise-free communication matters a lot. Another thing to be taken care of is the Noise Cancellation feature which cuts out the ambient noise and delivers noise-free voice.
Here we have the best gaming headset with Microphone. The list includes a wired as well as a wireless gaming headset with a noise cancelation microphone.
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are the answers to some of the commonly asked questions. If you have any other questions regarding gaming headsets in the budget, let us know in the comment section below.
Do I Really Need Gaming Headset?
A gaming headset is not a necessity but it definitely gives you some extra powers. A gaming headset gives you a spatial sound effect using which you will be able to scan the surroundings in the gameplay just by sound. You can get the exact idea of your enemies’ footsteps, or the sound of grenades thrown at you, vehicle approaching, even when the enemy is reloading the gun so that you can take advantage of that and start spraying on them.
Should I buy a Wired or Wireless Headset for Gaming?
That is totally your preference. If you want a clean desk without any wires, Wireless is for you. If you are playing on the big TV screen, you will be able to enjoy the gameplay from distance also but if you don’t want fancy stuff, Wired headphones are good to go. The wired headphones are evergreen. No need to charge them or replacing the batteries.
Do Gaming headset Comes with Noise Cancelling?
If you are talking about noise-canceling headphones, where you are expecting to remove all the noise around you, not all gaming headphones come with that. Only premium gaming headphones come with both noise-canceling headphones and a microphone.
Most of the affordable gaming headsets come with a noise canceling microphone that removes all the ambient sounds and delivers a clear voice to your teammates during the chat.
Best Gaming Headphones Under 100: Which is the Best?
Here we are with all the best gaming headsets under 100 you can buy. X2 Games team researched deep to get the best gaming headsets for $100. If your preference is sound and not gaming aesthetics, you can check open-back gaming headsets. Open-back headphones for gaming are good to go only if you want natural sound. Read more about open-back gaming headphones here. If you don’t have any idea about open-back headphones for gaming, see this.
Razer Black Shark V2 is a newly launched headset and you can consider that if you want something refreshed and the best gaming headset under 100. On the other side, Logitech G Pro is something premium in this list. Other than that, you can look at our top 3 recommendations that will narrow down your search for the best headset for gaming under 100. The top 3 recommendations are not the epitome of a headset under 100, you can consider any of them mentioned in the list.
There are differences in all of them and we have mentioned everything that can manipulate your buying decision. If you have any confusion or don’t know which one to buy, consider our top 3 recommendations. You can get any of them that you think suits your requirement.